Consulate-General of Japan in Los Angeles

日本国国旗

在ロサンゼルス日本国総領事館

Southern California and Arizona Area Cultural Calendar

We continually update this calendar to include Japanese cultural events and activities in our jurisdiction. Please note, however, that events and organizations listed are not necessarily sponsored or endorsed by the Consulate General of Japan in Los Angeles. For detailed information about events, please contact the organizer/s directly. If your organization would like an event posted to this calendar, please submit requests to the Japan Information and Culture Center, Consulate General of Japan in Los Angeles for consideration.


Tel: (213) 617-6700 ext. 334
Fax: (213) 617-6728
Email

 

 
  1. Arizona Area Events
  2. Southern California Area Events
  3. Arizona Area Ongoing Events
  4. Southern California Area Ongoing Events
  5. Special Events & Exhibitions at JICC

 

 

Local Upcoming Events

Arizona Area Events

Gaman: Enduring Japanese American Internment at Gila River

Saturday, December 8, 2018 - Saturday, April 18, 2020
Chandler Museum
300 S Chandler Village Dr, Chandler, AZ 85226
(480) 782-2717

The main exhibit produced by museum staff, Gaman: Enduring Japanese American Internment at Gila River, will debut at the opening. This profound display explores the experiences of more than 16,000 Japanese Americans who were forcibly removed from their west coast homes at the beginning of World War II and placed in the Gila River Internment Camp, located south of Chandler. This all new exhibit builds on the museum’s previous work on Japanese-American interment and includes objects from the Gila River camp from museums across the country.

Fall Ikebana Festival

Saturday, November 16 - Sunday, November 24, 2019
Yume Japanese Gardens
2130 N Alvernon Way, Tucson, AZ 85712
(520) 303-3945 | yume.gardens@gmail.com

Dozens of signature floral compositions reveal the wide breadth of flower arrangement styles during the Fall Ikebana Floral Festival at Yume Japanese Gardens and Museum of Tucson. Dozens of signature arrangements created by students and teachers of five major schools of Ikebana practice will adorn the grounds and buildings of Yume during the festival. One of the largest such combined exhibitions in Arizona, it offers an unusually broad look at the variety of styles in Japanese flower arranging. A further attraction lies in the vases in which the arrangements are displayed, many of them handmade in Japan with a refined elegance.

 

Southern California Area Events

Citizen USA: Experiences of Youth in Camp

Saturday, August 3 - Sunday, November 17, 2019
Japanese American National Museum
100 N Central Ave, Los Angeles, CA 90012
(213) 625-0414

This exhibition centers on Citizen USA, arguably the first children’s book about Japanese American incarceration. In the book, written by Charles K. Ferguson while he served as director of adult education at the Manzanar concentration camp during World War II, Jane Sato, a young incarceree at Manzanar narrates daily life in the camp and also hints at the overall uncertainty ahead. It represents what life may have felt like for children in camp.

Mineo Mizuno: Harmony

Saturday, August 10, 2019 - Sunday, February 23, 2020
Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA)
5905 Wilshire Blvd, Los Angeles, CA 90036
(323) 857-6010

For several years, Mineo Mizuno has lived on Fort Mountain Ranch in the foothills of the Sierra Nevada Mountains. The intense beauty of the idyllic forest has inspired the artist’s latest body of work, which includes interventions across the property using ceramics, fallen trees, and manzanita shrubs removed to avert fires. For Harmony, he transplants elements of this immersive environment to Los Angeles. Tea House, like an earlier one he built on the ranch, is his interpretation of the traditional Japanese structure. Its open, organic form balances the seclusion needed to experience the tea ceremony with the powerful presence of the natural surroundings. Around the tea house, Mizuno places a series of sculptures. Embedded in wood and on the ground, his ceramic water drops and tea bowls are painted with meditative repetitions of Japanese kanji such as yui (connect) and wa (harmony). These concepts reflect his ongoing interest in the communicative properties of trees and water.

Every Living Thing: Animals in Japanese Art

Sunday, September 22 - Sunday, December 8, 2019
Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA)
5905 Wilshire Blvd, Los Angeles, CA 90036
(323) 857-6010

Every Living Thing: Animals in Japanese Art celebrates one of the most distinctive and compelling aspects of Japanese art: the depiction of animals. Underpinned by Japan's unique spiritual heritage of Shintō and Buddhism, the Japanese reverence for nature—and the place of animals within that realm—is expressed in sculpture, painting, lacquer-work, ceramics, metalwork, cloisonné, and woodblock prints.

A Tribute to Tatsumi Hijikata's "Yameru Maihime (Ailing Dancer)"

Tuesday, November 5 - Wednesday, November 27, 2019
M-F 10:00 a.m. - 7:00 p.m., Sat 12:00 p.m. - 5:00 p.m., Sun Closed
The Japan Foundation, Los Angeles
5700 Wilshire Blvd, #100, Los Angeles, CA 90036
(323) 761-7510

Six well-known Japanese Butoh dancers brought to life the ghosts rising out of the legendary essay “Yameru Maihime (Ailing Dancer)”, written by Tatsumi Hijikata in Akita, where the story developed during the years 1935-1938. The photo book was published in Japan last year in order to celebrate the 90th anniversary of Hijikata's birth and to pay tribute to his unprecedented work. The photos were taken by Masahiko Taniguchi who has worked closely with many Butoh dancers in Japan. This exhibition will feature a selection from Taniguchi’s photo book, which has never been shown in the U.S. before as well as some of archival images of Hijikata. The opening night of the exhibition will include Butoh performances by local dancers and an special talk: "Remembering Hijikata" by guest speakers.

20th Annual San Diego Asian Film Festival

Wednesday, November 7, 2019 - Saturday, November 16, 2019
Select Theaters
(619) 400-5911 | info@pacarts.org

The San Diego Asian Film Festival (SDAFF) is San Diego’s premier film showcase of Asian American and international cinema. Founded in 2000, the festival has grown to become the largest exhibition of Asian cinema in the western United States, and has showcased everything from future classics like Bong Joon-ho’s Memories of Murder (US Premiere) to luminary independent work like Patrick Wang’s award-winning In the Family (North American Premiere). Each year, the festival brings West Coast, North American, and World premieres of films from around the world to San Diego and gives audiences unique opportunities to discover international cinema.
This year, the 20th edition of SDAFF will showcase over 170 films from 29 countries, in 40 languages, at 8 different venues in San Diego from November 7-16, 2019.
The San Diego Asian Film Festival is organized by Pacific Arts Movement, a non-profit media arts organization dedicated to sharing Asian American and international films to inspire, entertain, and support a more compassionate society.

8th Annual Student Photography Exhibition

Saturday, November 16 - Sunday, November 17, 2019
Sat 10:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m., Sun 10:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m.
Japanese American Cultural & Community Center
244 S San Pedro St, Los Angeles, CA 90012
(213) 680-1656 | nokada@hotmail.com

Over 100 photographs taken in the United States and overseas by photography class students will be exhibited.

Performance: LA Nebuta

Sunday, November 17, 2019 | 12:30 p.m. - 2:30 p.m.
Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA)
Zev Yaroslavsky Plaza, 5905 Wilshire Blvd, Los Angeles, CA 90036
(323) 857-6010

Join us for a little taste of the Nebuta Festival, which is one of the most famous festivals in Aomori Prefecture Japan. On display will be an enormous paper lantern float depicting the Japanese folk hero Kintoki by Nebuta Master Hiroo Takenami. Large hand-painted paper floats, like this one, are the highlight of the Nebuta Festival. A series of short performances by taiko drummers, flute and hand cymbal players, and dancers will take place in front of the float at 12:30, 1:05, 1:40, and 2:15 pm.
The LA Nebuta Bayashi was founded in 2008 when Nebuta spread to Los Angeles and first debuted at the Nisei Week Parade in Little Tokyo.

Together for Fukushima

Sunday, November 17, 2019 | 2:00 p.m. - 4:00 p.m.
Nishi Hongwanji Los Angeles Betsuin Kaikan
815 E First St, Los Angeles, CA 90012
gratefulcrane@gmail.com

Sponsored by the UCLA Asian American Studies Center and the George and Sakaye Aratani Community Advancement Research Endowment (C.A.R.E), the mission of “Together for Fukushima” is to build awareness and understanding about the current conditions in Fukushima, Japan, and to raise funds to bring hope and well-being for children in Fukushima. On November 17, Japanese and Japanese Americans will join hands and hearts to cheer on the children of Fukushima for a bright and hopeful future knowing their friends in America have not forgotten them,” said Soji Kashiwagi, Executive Director of the Grateful Crane Ensemble. Participating organizations include the Grateful Crane Ensemble, EGAO, Akabeko Project and Love to Nippon. Additional event sponsors include Koda Farms, Robin Koda, Lorna Fong, Sadako Kashiwagi and Allen Okamoto.
Funds raised will support public-safety efforts to provide clean, safe bottled water for children and their families in several Fukushima-area schools, will assist children’s homes in building indoor playgrounds and will support a school for disabled children.

GKIDS Presents Studio Ghibli Fest 2019

Select Dates in November & December
Select Theaters

Yes, it’s finally here – GKIDS and Fathom Events proudly announce the return of STUDIO GHIBLI FEST! Catch nine of your favorite Studio Ghibli films nationwide over the course of nine months starting in April! Each will be in theaters for two to three days only.

Princess Mononoke: 11/17 (Sun), 11/18 (Mon), 11/20 (Wed)
The Tale of the Princess Kaguya: 12/16 (Mon), 12/18 (Wed)

Horizons of (Mis)communication between Chinese Chan and Japanese Zen

Friday, November 22, 2019 | 12:30 p.m. - 2:30 p.m.
University of Southern California
University Park Campus, East Asian Seminar Room (110C)
(213) 821-4365 | cjrc@dornsife.usc.edu

Buddhism flowed between the Chinese continent and Japan – by Japanese pilgrims, Chinese émigré monks, merchants, texts and other objects. This is often described as a transmission from China to Japan. However, from diaries, travelogues, manuscripts, and hagiographic writing of the 11th to 14th centuries, we also learn that Japanese and Chinese monks frequently could not use spoken communication with each other. Even many erudite Gozan Zen monks, competent writers of metered-and-rhymed kanshi (“Sinitic poetry”), could not understand spoken Chinese. Instead, acts of translingual communication relied upon: (a) third party interpreters; (b) written “brush talk” 筆談 (J. hitsudan; Ch. bitan); or (c) body language. This lecture will discuss evidence for these forms of communication, and illustrate the horizons and possibilities of misunderstanding. I will argue that some foundational insights were reached precisely through miscommunication. I will also suggest that certain kinds of misunderstanding may play an essential role in creativity and interpretation. Overall, this may provide us an opportunity to rethink how we describe the relationship between Japanese Zen and Chinese Chan.

Shuri Castle Benefit Concert

Friday, November 22, 2019 | 7:30 p.m.
Fruit of the Spirit Lutheran Church
2706 W 182nd St, Torrance, CA 90504
(310) 532-1929 | oaamensore@gmail.com

A benefit concert for the restoration of Shuri Castle, a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Okinawa, Japan. The event will feature a performance by Okinawa Americana, a folk/rock/blues fusion band visiting from Okinawa.

CharaExpo USA 2019

Saturday, December 7, 2019
Anaheim Convention Center
800 W Katella Ave, Anaheim, CA 92802
(714) 765-8950 | usa_help1@bushiroad.com

CharaExpo USA is a Japanese anime and games convention organized by Bushiroad, and held its inaugural event in the same venue the previous year in November 2018. CharaExpo USA 2019 will feature BanG Dream! live performance, BCS 2019 Anaheim Regional and pro-wrestling matches by New Japan Pro-Wrestling.

2nd Annual Mini Craft Fair

Sunday, December 8, 2019 | 9:00 a.m. - 1:00 p.m.
Okinawa Association of America (OAA)
OAA Center, Yamauchi Building, 16500 S Western Ave, Gardena, CA 90247
(310) 532-1929 | oaamensore@gmail.com

The Okinawa Association of America (OAA) will host their second annual mini craft fair on Sunday, December 8. Though small in size, this holiday boutique stands out in that it will include Okinawan-themed items such as art prints, greeting cards, tote bags, clothing, coasters, and more. The organization hopes that this will be a big draw, as Okinawan items are rarely available at local stores, festivals, and other craft fairs.

The Thirty-Second Annual Michele and Peter Berton Memorial Lecture on Japanese Art: “The War of the Twelve Animals: Anthropomorphosis and Allegory in Medieval Japan”

Sunday, December 8, 2019 | 7:00 p.m. - 8:00 p.m.
Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA)
BCAM, Level 1, 5905 Wilshire Blvd, Los Angeles, CA 90036
(323) 857-6010

Sarah E. Thompson, curator of Japanese art at the Museum of Fine Arts Boston, discusses the 15th-century narrative handscroll, The War of the Twelve Animals, which depicts a war between the twelve animals of the East Asian zodiac and the rebel animals led by the tanuki (raccoon dog). According to Thompson, it was created at the court of the retired shogun Ashikaga Yoshimitsu and refers to the events of the Ōei Disturbance of 1399–1400, when provincial samurai rebelled against the shogunate. The animal characters represent the competing warriors; Yoshimitsu himself is the dragon. This interpretation counters the more common view that animal-to-human comparisons are inevitably negative. While the rebel animals are indeed mocked, the twelve animals and especially their leader are glorified, with self-aggrandizement masked by a humorous animal allegory. The great appeal of The War of the Twelve Animals led to an entire genre of illustrated animal stories; and the work itself, copied and recopied, continued to delight generations of viewers long after its political implications had been forgotten.

A Little Tokyo Christmas

Saturday, December 21, 2019 | 3:00 p.m. - 5:00 p.m.
Japanese American Cultural and Community Center
244 S San Pedro St, Los Angeles, CA 90012
(213) 628-2725 | info@jaccc.org

A Little Tokyo Christmas is back! Come enjoy music, laughter, and dancing by talented performers, celebrity guests, and beloved community members in this one-of-a-kind holiday show! Shop for unique crafts and gifts at the Holiday Gift Boutique and join us for a fun-filled time for the whole family as Little Tokyo celebrates the holidays.

Viewing Stones Shows

Thursday, December 26, 2019 | 10:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m.
The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens
Brody Botanical Center,
(626) 405-2100

The California Aiseki Kai presents its 30th annual show featuring outstanding examples of suiseki and other viewing stones. Practiced in Asia for centuries and gaining popularity around the world, the art of viewing stones invites contemplation of the subtle, often fanciful forms that have been shaped by nature, the elements, and time. In addition, the American Viewing Stone Resource Center presents a complementary display, "From Tiger Stripes to Mindless Cloud: Celebrating 50 Years of Stone Appreciation at The Huntington.” For the first time, the shows include hands-on activities to introduce children of all ages to the appreciation and display of natural stones.

Animé Los Angeles 2020

Thursday, January 9 - Sunday, January 12, 2020
Ontario Convention Center
2000 E Convention Center Way, Ontario, CA 91764
(800) 455-5755 | info@animelosangeles.org

Animé Los Angeles is a medium-sized fan-run convention, "on the other side of the year" -- in the winter.

ANIME Impulse 2020

Saturday, January 18 - Sunday, January 19, 2020
Auto Club Raceway at Pomona
2780 Fairplex Dr, Pomona, CA 91768
(909) 593-7010

The ANIME IMPULSE is being held on Saturday, January 18 and Sunday, January 19, 2020.

Ryukyukoku Matsuri Daiko Los Angeles Branch 25th Anniversary Concert

Saturday, February 15, 2020 | 5:00 p.m.
James R. Armstrong Theatre
3330 Civic Centre Dr, Torrance, CA 90503
(424) 207-8502 | rmd.losangeles@gmail.com

Ryukyukoku Matsuri Daiko Los Angeles Branch is proud to celebrate 25 years of spreading the Okinawan spirit across Southern California. To celebrate this momentous occasion, we will be holding an anniversary concert entitled "Gajumaru -Shihanseiki no Sasae-" on Saturday, February 15th, 2020 at the James R. Armstrong Theatre in Torrance, CA. Our show title Gajumaru stems from the gajumaru tree, also known as the banyan tree, a tree in Okinawa that is known for its strong support given from its several branches. The tree is also known for its long lifespan. We decided on this title to express appreciation for all the support our group has received in the past 25 years, as well as to illustrate our hope that the group lasts for many more years, like the strong gajumaru tree. The subtitle Shihanseiki no Sasae is a Japanese phrase that translates to quarter-century of support as another way to showcase our gratitude to everyone who has supported our group throughout this journey.

 

Local Ongoing Events

Arizona Area Ongoing Events

First Friday Extended Hours

First Fridays | All Day
Japanese Friendship Garden of Phoenix
1125 N 3rd Ave, Phoenix, Arizona 85003
(602) 274-8700 | info@jfgphx.org

Free admission to the garden. Unique entertainment and Japanese Happy Hour bar every month.

Phoenix First Fridays

First Fridays | Evenings
Fushicho Daiko Dojo
925 Grand Ave, Phoenix, AZ 85007
(602) 350-0343 | info@taikoaz.com

During the evening of the first Friday of every month the dojo opens its doors to the public to come visit and watch our classes and performers and to try some taiko themselves! Come visit us at our dojo at 925 N.W. Grand Avenue in downtown Phoenix. You can’t miss the building as it has a large red mitsudomoe (pictured) on the south wall.

Public Tea Ceremony

Third or Fourth Saturday | Various Times
Japanese Friendship Garden of Phoenix
1125 N 3rd Ave, Phoenix, AZ 85003
(602) 274-8700 | info@jfgphx.org

Authentic tea ceremonies for the public are held on the third Saturday of each month October through June. The ceremonies are presented by Tanko Kai tea group, wearing beautiful kimonos in our Musoan tea house. Guests are met at the entry gate and conducted to the tea house by a docent who explains features in the tea garden and other interesting facts about the tea house itself. *Tea ceremonies require complete silence for a duration of 30 minutes. Guests must be age 12 years or older, as the seating may have other guests apart from your group.

 

Southern California Area Ongoing Events

Anime Society

First Saturdays | 1:00 p.m. - 4:00 p.m.
Little Tokyo Branch Library
203 S Los Angeles St, Los Angeles, CA 90012
(213) 612-0525

Do you have a passion for Anime? Bring yourself and friends as we develop a deeper understanding and appreciation for Japanese animation and make new friends along the way! This event is free and fun for all ages.

First Friday Origami Club

First Fridays | 12:00 p.m. - 1:30 p.m.
Storrier Stearns Japanese Garden
270 Arlington Dr, Pasadena, CA 91105
(626) 399-1721 | info@japanesegardenpasadena.com

Origami is one of Japan’s most exciting contributions to world culture and is now practiced by children, adults, artists and scientists all around the world. Join the Origami Club on First Fridays of every month and learn from local origami enthusiast and skilled folder, Nick Cavallo. We will provide origami paper and the spectacular natural setting of our garden to inspire the creation of flowers, fish, birds and other natural wonders ? all folded from paper.

Gardena Bonsai Society

First Fridays | 7:00 p.m.
Nakaoka Community Center
1670 W 162nd St, Gardena, CA 90247
(310) 217-9537

The Gardena Bonsai Society meets regularly at the Nakaoka Community Center on the first Friday of the month at 7 p.m. The Society is a group for the novice and the experienced bonsai artist, with each meeting being highlighted by demonstrations and lectures. Lessons are also available on Wednesday nights. The Annual Bonsai Show is held on the first weekend of May.

Gardena Kawai Sumi-e Club

Tuesdays | 5:30 p.m. - 9:00 p.m.
Nakaoka Community Center
1670 W 162nd St, Gardena, CA 90247
(310) 217-9537

The Kawai Sumi-e Club meets every Tuesday evening from 5:30 p.m. - 9 p.m. at the Nakaoka Community Center. Sumi-e is the Japanese art of black and white painting.

Japanese Book Club

Fourth Saturdays | 2:00 p.m. - 3:00 p.m.
Little Tokyo Branch Library
203 S Los Angeles St, Los Angeles, CA 90012
(213) 612-0525

Enjoy a discussion in Japanese about the books you've read or share the latest articles that you've found interesting.

Japanese Storytime

First Saturdays | 11:00 a.m. - 11:30 a.m.
Little Tokyo Branch Library
203 S Los Angeles St, Los Angeles, CA 90012
(213) 612-0525

Children, parents, and caregivers, join us for our fun and lively Japanese storytime. Listen to exciting and entertaining stories told in Japanese by our STAR reader.

Japanese Teahouse Tours

Second Tuesdays | 11:30 a.m. - 3:30 p.m.
The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens
1151 Oxford Rd, San Marino, CA 91108
(626) 405-2100

Monthly informal tours allow visitors to peek inside the Japanese Garden’s ceremonial teahouse and learn about the traditions behind its use. See calendar for upcoming tours.

Origami Club

Fourth Saturdays | 1:00 p.m.
Palisades Branch Library
861 Alma Real Dr, Pacific Palisades, CA 90272
(310) 459-2754

Come join us as Travis Taft, origami folder extraordinaire, will teach the basics of this stress-busting art. Learn some, craft some, and have a great time!

Origami Club

Second Thursdays | 4:00 p.m. - 5:00 p.m.
John C. Fremont Branch Library
6121 Melrose Ave, Los Angeles, CA 90038
(323) 962-3521

Master Folder Travis Taft teaches the Japanese art of origami to students of all ages (above 7) and all levels. Travis will host Origami Club the second Thursday of each month at 4:00 p.m.

Origami for Teens & Young at Heart

First Thursdays | 4:00 p.m. - 5:00 p.m.
Little Tokyo Branch Library
203 S Los Angeles St, Los Angeles, CA 90012
(213) 612-0525

Join us for a workshop to make origami. Participants will learn about the history of this craft and then make their own origami creations. All supplies will be provided.

Oshaberi Tuesday! おしゃべり火曜!

Tuesdays | 6:00 p.m. - 8:30 p.m.
Tea N More
7380 Clairemont Mesa Blvd, #111, San Diego, CA 92111
(858) 571-2926 | https://www.meetup.com/SanDiegoJapanese/

Every week, we get together for an informal session, where you can come to practice English or Japanese, socialize about culture, study, or just sit back and relax. All skill levels are welcome! New people show up every week, and we all have a great time. Please be sure to order some food and/or drink so we will continue to be welcomed there. Tell the cashier you are with Japanese Meetup and you'll receive 10% off your order. You can accrue even more savings by using the Fivestars rewards program.

Second Sunday Open Day (Tea Ceremony)

Second Sundays | 10:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m.
Storrier Stearns Japanese Garden
270 Arlington Dr, Pasadena, CA 91105
(626) 399-1721 | info@japanesegardenpasadena.com

Even though the Storrier Stearns garden is a perfect backdrop for cultural events, festivals and celebrations, Japanese gardens are designed primarily for quiet contemplation and introspection. Our Second Sundays will offer visitors the serenity that has characterized Japanese gardens for centuries, a respite from a hectic world. Chairs and benches will be scattered around the garden and tables will be available for picnics and conversation. Highlighting the day will be tea ceremonies in the Niko-an Teahouse (reserved separately.)

South Coast Bonsai Association Meeting

Fourth Sundays (with exceptions for August, November & December) | 10:00 a.m. - 12:00 p.m.
South Coast Botanic Garden
26300 Crenshaw Blvd, Palos Verdes Peninsula, CA 90274
Palos Verdes Peninsula, CA 90274 | uedak@sbcglobal.net

The South Coast Bonsai Association meets the fourth Sunday of most months at South Coast Botanic Garden. For additional information contact Ken Ueda.

Southern California Haiku Study Group

Third Saturday | 2:00 p.m. - 4:00 p.m.
Hill Avenue Branch Library
55 South Hill Ave, Pasadena, CA 91106
(626) 744-7264 | www.socalhaiku.org

The Southern California Haiku Study Group meets monthly at the Hill Avenue Branch Library, 55 S. Hill Avenue in Pasadena, California. Workshops start at 2 pm on the third Saturday of every month.

The Garden's ShinKanAn Teahouse and Garden

Second Saturdays | 11:00 a.m. - 1:00 p.m.
Santa Barbara Botanical Garden
1212 Mission Canyon Rd, Santa Barbara, CA 93105
(805) 682-4726 | sbteahouse@gmail.com

The Teahouse is open every second Saturday of the month from 11:00 a.m. - 1:00 p.m. Visitors and members are welcome to experience our ShinKanAn Teahouse and Garden. Trained Teahouse volunteers will be available to share their skills and answer questions about the rich traditions of the Japanese tea ceremony.